What Is The Constructivist Learning Theory?

What is an example of constructivism?

Example: An elementary school teacher presents a class problem to measure the length of the “Mayflower.” Rather than starting the problem by introducing the ruler, the teacher allows students to reflect and to construct their own methods of measurement..

What are the four key principles of constructivism?

2 Guiding principles of constructivismKnowledge is constructed, not transmitted.Prior knowledge impacts the learning process.Initial understanding is local, not global.Building useful knowledge structures requires effortful and purposeful activity.

What are the two main types of constructivism?

Two major types of the constructivist learning perspectives are cognitive constructivism and social constructivism. While Piaget (1973) developed the cognitive constructivism view of learning, Vygotsky (1978) developed the social constructivism view of learning.

How is Constructivism used in the classroom?

In a constructivist classroom, students are encouraged to use prior experiences to help them form and reform interpretations. … The democratic and interactive process of a constructivist classroom allows students to be active and autonomous learners. Using constructivist strategies, teachers are more effective.

What are the main assumptions of constructivism?

Constructivism assumes that all knowledge is constructed from the learner’s previous knowledge, regardless of how one is taught. Thus, even listening to a lecture involves active attempts to construct new knowledge.

How does constructivism affect learning?

In constructivist learning theory, learners construct knowledge and meaning from experience, active participation and performing tasks in the context which allow learners to contextualize the process of constructing knowledge instead of being a passive learner (Salomon & Perkins, 1998).

What is an example of social constructivism?

Social constructivism stresses the need for collaborative learning. … Some examples of collaborative learning activities are group problem solving, group inquiry, simulations, and debates. The activities encourage creativity, value and also foster higher-level thinking (Brown, 1999).

What are the benefits of constructivism in teaching?

Benefits to constructivist design:It’s active.It promotes student agency.It develops advanced skills such as critical thinking, analysis, evaluation, and creation.It promotes diverse viewpoints.It encourages students to reflect, evaluate their work, and identify intermediary skills to acquire based on their needs.More items…•

What is the main focus of constructivism?

Constructivism is the theory that says learners construct knowledge rather than just passively take in information. As people experience the world and reflect upon those experiences, they build their own representations and incorporate new information into their pre-existing knowledge (schemas).

Who created the constructivist learning theory?

Main Theorists. John Dewey (1933/1998) is often cited as the philosophical founder of this approach. Bruner (1990) and Piaget (1972) are considered the chief theorists among the cognitive constructivists, while Vygotsky (1978) is the major theorist among the social constructivists.

What are the three types of constructivism?

Typically, this continuum is divided into three broad categories: Cognitive constructivism based on the work of Jean Piaget, social constructivism based on the work of Lev Vygotsky, and radical constructivism.